What You Need to Know About Nitrogen

What is Nitrogen?

Nitrogen is a chemical element with the symbol N and atomic number 7. It is the lightest member of group 15 in the periodic table of elements. Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford back in 1772. However, it was named in 1790 by Jean-Antoine-Claude . In some countries such as Turkey and Russia, it is called Azote, which is a Greek word for the absence of life.

Nitrogen can usually be found in a gaseous state – 78% of Earth’s atmosphere represents this exact element. However, earth’s crust contains very small amounts of this gas. Nitrogen can be used by plants when bacteria turn it into ammonium in the soil. Nitrogen also comes in a liquid form which is very cold. It is stored in containers called Dewar flasks, which prevent evaporation. The most common use of a liquid version of the element is for the preservation of biological materials such as blood, sperm, and egg.

Nitrogen is present in all living things. It is a part of our DNA, proteins, and cells. It also participates in the creation of chlorophyll. Nitrogen can cause hypoxia and asphyxiation in closed areas, and even death. Scuba divers can suffer from decompression sickness. This occurs when a diver ascends too quickly, which doesn’t allow enough time for the Nitrogen to slowly and safely leave the body and instead, forms nitrogen bubbles in the body. This can result in tissue and nerve damage as well as paralysis or death in more extreme cases.



The Nitrogen Cycle

In order to be part of a living organism, Nitrogen has to undergo certain processes. The transformation of this element from atmospheric gas to a component of our bodies is called the Nitrogen cycle.


Nitrogen needs to be fixated before living forms can use it. . Fixation can be conducted in three different ways:

 Biological fixation—this process occurs when bacteria in soil transforms atmospheric Nitrogen to ammonia in the presence of nitrogenase. Legumes have the root that contains certain types of bacteria that fixate Nitrogen. The process of ammonium ions oxidising and are turning into nitrite is called nitrification. On the other hand, denitrification is the conversion of nitrate back to the gaseous state.

Fixation by lightning—Nitrogen can be transformed into nitrate and ammonia by lightning. The immense energy of lightning breaks the nitrogen molecules and allows their atoms to combine with oxygen. This forms nitrogen oxides which dissolves in rain and forms nitrates that are then transported to the soil with the rain.  

Industrial fixation—This method is used to produce fertilisers artificially.

The next step of the Nitrogen cycle is decomposition. Plants absorb nitrogen from the ground, and animals consume it through those plants. When animals and plants die microorganisms decompose the remains. One of the by-products of decomposition is ammonia, which is later used for nitrification.

The process of nitrification and denitrification then starts again. This completes the Nitrogen cycle.

How is Nitrogen Beneficial for Our Bodies?


Nitrogen is essential for cell regeneration, growth, and repair. We need it to make proteins for our muscles, nails, hair, skin, and DNA.

We typically get it from foods rich in nitrogen such as meat, fish, legumes, nuts, eggs, milk and a few other dairy products.

Nitrogen in amino acids  is used to create other amino acids required to build proteins for cell processes and the synthesis of enzymes. These proteins are also used for cell repair as well as metabolic processes. Nitrogen is also used to make heme, a part of haemoglobin that carries oxygen through our body. Unused amino acids can be broken down back to nitrogen and used in energy production. Ammonia is a by-product that our body excretes through urea.

A grown man needs 83 grams of protein per day to meet his daily Nitrogen needs. If your diet is low in proteins, you might suffer from Nitrogen deficiency. Some of the symptoms include hair loss, problems with healing, and muscle weakness.


Our cryotherapy services use nitrogen as a strong restorative measure for run-down bodies, and it is conducted in cryo chambers. The treatment is non-medical and includes sitting or standing in booths for three to five minutes. However, cryotherapy is used in medical purposes as well to freeze warts and cancer cells. In this case, liquid Nitrogen is applied locally.

Various cryotherapy treatments are available:

  •        Whole body cryotherapy has the ability to soothe the body from muscle tension or trauma. It can also boost energy levels, aid weight loss, and regulate sleeping patterns.
  •        Sports and Injury Treatment includes a localised treatment of cryotherapy to target specific places on your body that might need extra attention.

Cryotherapy is most commonly used as a pain relief treatment, to reduce arthritis symptoms, and to treat muscle pain and other athletic injuries. Also, it has been shown beneficial for cellulite reduction. Another benefit of this therapy method is a metabolism boost because the body needs more energy to stay warm. Another reason why people opt for cryotherapy is to reduce inflammation and improve their general health.

It can also be used in depression, anxiety, and dementia treatment. In some cases, they are linked to inflammation, and as already mentioned, cryotherapy reduces these symptoms.

The Bottom Line

Nitrogen is gas found in Earth’s atmosphere. However, with lightning or biological processes it ends up in the soil, plants, animals, and in the end, in our bodies thanks to the Nitrogen cycle. Our bodies use it to create proteins, enzymes, and DNA. It is beneficial for healthy skin, hair, metabolism, as well as for haemoglobin which is an essential component of blood. To provide enough Nitrogen, you should consume food high in proteins. Otherwise, you might end up having issues with hair loss, wound healing, and bad skin.

Nitrogen in a liquid form is used in cryotherapy. It has shown benefits for chronic pain, muscle injuries, inflammation, arthritis, depression, dementia, anxiety, etc. if you have any questions about the treatment, or want to schedule an appointment, please, visit our website.



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